The parties have introduced rules on specific issues. The development of these agreements has made it possible to implement legally binding provisions that more precisely regulate activities in Antarctica. The 54 members of the Antarctic Treaty unanimously endorsed the declaration on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the signing of the Antarctic Treaty. During the meeting, the countries pledged to maintain peace and international cooperation and reaffirmed the permanent ban on mining. (b) scientific personnel are exchanged between expeditions and stations in Antarctica; It is managed by the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR). On the basis of the scientific data examined by the CCAMLR Scientific Committee, the Commission decides, inter alia, on catch quotas, regulations and marine protected areas. Other agreements — some 200 recommendations adopted at treaty consultative meetings and ratified by governments — include: How does the United States protect a continent? In the case of Antarctica, U.S. diplomats and scientists are negotiating with other Antarctic Treaty members about how the countries of the frozen continent will behave. We have just concluded the 42nd annual meeting of the members of the Antarctic Treaty, at which the international community reaffirmed that the continent is reserved for peace and science. Antarctica currently has no permanent population and therefore no citizenship or government.
The personnel present in Antarctica at all times are almost always citizens or nationals of some sovereignty outside Antarctica, because there is no Antarctic sovereignty. The majority of Antarctica is claimed by one or more countries, but most countries do not explicitly recognize these claims. The area on the continent between 90 degrees west and 150 degrees west is the only major country on earth that is not claimed by any land.  Until 2015, the interior of the Norwegian sector, the scope of which had never been officially defined, was considered unclaimed. That year, Norway officially claimed the area between its Queen Maud Land and the South Pole.  (a) This Treaty may be amended or amended at any time, acting unanimously, by the Contracting Parties whose representatives are entitled to participate in the meetings provided for in Article IX. .